• The Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. By the 16th century Sweden had evolved into a strongly centralized nation, with Stockholm as its capital. During the 17th century the country was one of the great powers in Europe.
    Since 1812 Sweden's borders have been unchanged and Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars.
    Despite its small population and large area, Sweden is a technologically advanced country with good infrastructure, including an efficient transportation and communications system.
    Indecision over the country's role in the political and economic integration of Europe caused Sweden not to join the EU until 1995, and to forgo the introduction of the euro in 1999.

    border countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway
    related countries: Iceland
      Blekinge Lan Gavleborgs Lan Gotlands Lan Hallands Lan Jamtlands Lan Jonkopings Lan Kalmar Lan Dalarnas Lan Kronobergs Lan Norrbottens Lan Orebro Lan Ostergotlands Lan Sodermanlands Lan Uppsala Lan Varmlands Lan Vasterbottens Lan Vasternorrlands Lan Vastmanlands Lan Stockholms Lan Skane Lan Vastra Gotalands Lan
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    Official Name:
    Konungariket Sverige
    short form: Sverige
    int'l long form: Kingdom of Sweden
    int'l short form: Sweden

    ISO Country Code: se

    Time Zone: Central European Time CET
    Local Time = UTC +1h
    Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

    Country Calling Code: +46

    Capital City: Stockholm (city population: 743 000; metropolitan population 1.8 million)
    The Municipality of Stockholm.

    Other Cities:
    Göteborgs Stad - the City of Gothenburg (city population: 467 000; metropolitan population: 766 000).
    Stad Helsingborg.
    Helsingborg Turistinformation
    Kiruna, Sweden's most northerly municipality.
    Malmö (city population: 257,000; metropolitan population: 550 000)
    Malmö Stad - the City of Malmö.
    The City of Uppsala.

    Type: constitutional monarchy
    Independence: 6 June 1523; when Gustav Eriksson Vasa, known as the elected king Gustav I of Sweden re-established separation of the Swedish Crown from the Kalmar Union of Norway, Denmark and Sweden.

    Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway.
    Area: 449 964 sq. km. (173 731 sq. mi.)
    Terrain: fertile plains in the south; further north heavily wooded highlands, mountains in west, the northern three-fifths of Sweden - you see hills and mountains, forests and large river valleys.

    Climate: Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north.

    Nationality: Noun--Swedes; adjective--Swedish.
    Population: 9 million (2004).
    Ethnic Groups: Indigenous Swedes, ethnic Finns, ethnic Lapps.
    Immigrants: Finns, Bosnians, Iranians, Norwegians, Danes, Hungarians, Iraqis, and Turks.
    Religions: Lutheran (87%), Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Jewish, Buddhist, Muslim. Languages: Swedish, English is by far the leading foreign language, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.
    Literacy: 100%

    Natural resources: Iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower.
    Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, sugar beets; meat, milk.

    Industries: Iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles.

    Exports partners: USA 11.5%, Germany 10%, Norway 8.4%, UK 7.8%, Denmark 6.4%, Finland 5.7%, Netherlands 4.9%, France 4.9%, Belgium 4.5% (2003)

    Imports partners: Germany 18.7%, Denmark 9%, UK 8%, Norway 8%, Netherlands 6.8%, Finland 5.6%, France 5.5%, Belgium 4.2% (2003)

    Currency: Swedish Krona (SEK)